Chichen Itza, once a vast pre-Columbian city constructed and developed by the historic Mayan Civilization, is now a significant archaeological site. An outstanding example of Mayan culture, it attracts visitors from across the world to uncover the secrets and mysteries of Chichen Itza inside and also added to the list of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007, elevating its appeal among visitors.
Chichén Itzá complex comprises the Observatory, the Temple of the Warriors, the Ball Court, and the most famous Mayan pyramid, EL Castillo or the Temple of Kukulkan. El Castillo, the site's main draw, is a 90-foot-tall pyramid with 365 steps that represent the number of days in a year. The Mexican government funded an excavation into Chichen Itza Por Dentro in the mid-1930s, which resulted in the discovery of two smaller pyramids, a staircase beneath the north side of the pyramid, and another temple beneath the larger one.
Visitors were permitted to view the inside of Chichen Itza from behind bars before 2006, after that only archaeologists had access. El Catillo continues to entice tourists to admire this feat of architecture and discover its religious significance for Mayans.
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Here are some facts about Chichen Itza:
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Best time:The best times to visit Chichen Itza are early in the morning right after the site opens, or late in the evening just before closing for pleasant weather and less crowd. Also, weekdays are preferred to enjoy the attraction with only a few people around.
Location: Yucatán, Mexico
To reach Chichen Itza, one of the New Seven Wonders of the World located in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, you can follow these steps:
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Stroll through the UNESCO world heritage site, see the holy pyramid temples, and gain insight into the old Mayan civilizations
Admire the outstanding architecture of sacred pyramids i.e. Great Ballcourts, Interior Temple, and Sacred Cenote
Head out to religious and ceremonial site of the Mexican state which served as a hub for politics, economy, religion, the military, and architecture
Grab an opportunity to see one of the Seven Wonders with the Chichén Itzá tickets and delve into the ancient history of Mayan-Toltec culture
Where is Chichen Itza located?
Chichén Itzá is located in Tinúm Municipality of Yucatán state in eastern Mexico.
How old is Chichen Itza?
Historical sources indicate that Chichen Itza was in its early stages of development between 600 and 750 A.D., making it more than 1,500 years old.
When was Chichen Itza built?
Although archaeologists are unsure of precisely when Chichen Itza's construction started, historical records reveal that the city was a significant centre in the Northern Maya Lowlands from 600 to 900 AD (the Late Classic period) through 800 AD to 900 AD (the Terminal Classic period) into 900 AD to 1200 AD (the early Postclassic period).
Who built Chichen Itza?
The Maya, an ancient community that lived on the Yucatan peninsula, built Chichen Itza Por dentro.
Why was Chichen Itza built?
According to historians, Chichen Itza was established and became well-known because of its close proximity to an underground freshwater source, the Xtoloc cenote. Mayans from all parts of the Yucatan Peninsula lived in Chichen Itza at its peak. The city features a variety of architectural styles, including Puuc and Chenes, which are typical of the Northern Maya lowlands and central Mexico, respectively
Can you climb El Castillo?
No, you cannot climb El Castillo, the main attraction of Chichen Itza, because it is being preserved by local archaeologists and conservationists for future generations.
What is the tallest building in Chichen Itza?
El Castillo, a historic pyramid, is the tallest building in Chichen Itza with a height of 98 feet. It stands 79 feet without the temple and 98 feet with the temple included as the temple itself is 19 feet tall.
What is inside Chichen Itza?
Chichen Itza complex is made up of many marvels like El Castillo, the Temple of Xtoloc, the Great Ball Court, the Temple of the Warriors, the Osario Pyramid, the Sacred Cenote, and more. After numerous excavations and 3D noninvasive imaging procedures to find what is inside of Chichen Itza, archaeologists discovered two smaller pyramids beneath the El Castillo pyramid, suggesting that the current structure was built on top of the old pyramids.
What are the complexes of Chichen Itza?
There are a number of complexes at Chichen Itza that showcase various architectural styles and developmental phases. The Great North Platform contains the El Castillo, the Great Ball Court, and the Temple of Warriors monuments, The Osario Group contains the Temple of Xtoloc and the Osario pyramid, while the Central Group contains the observatory, Akab Dzib, and Las Monjas.
Why is Chichen Itza a Wonder of the World?
Chichen Itza was named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007 due to its wealth of historic and culturally significant man-made marvels, as well as its popularity among international voters.